zabbix数据库表结构-持续更新

zabbix数据库表结构的重要性

想理解zabbix的前端代码、做深入的二次开发,甚至的调优,那就不能不了解数据库的表结构了。

我们这里采用的zabbix1.8、mysql,所以简单的说下我们mysql这边的表结构,其他环境不保证正确。

actions

actions表记录了当触发器触发时,需要采用的动作。

mysql> desc actions;
+---------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| Field         | Type                | Null | Key | Default | Extra |
+---------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| actionid      | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   | PRI | 0       |       |
| name          | varchar(255)        | NO   |     |         |       |
| eventsource   | int(11)             | NO   | MUL | 0       |       |
| evaltype      | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| status        | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| esc_period    | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| def_shortdata | varchar(255)        | NO   |     |         |       |
| def_longdata  | blob                | NO   |     | NULL    |       |
| recovery_msg  | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| r_shortdata   | varchar(255)        | NO   |     |         |       |
| r_longdata    | blob                | NO   |     | NULL    |       |
+---------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+

alerts

alerts 表保存了历史的告警事件,可以从这个表里面去做一些统计分析,例如某个部门、 某人、某类时间的告警统计,以及更深入的故障发生、恢复时间,看你想怎么用了。

mysql> desc alerts;
+-------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| Field       | Type                | Null | Key | Default | Extra |
+-------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| alertid     | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   | PRI | 0       |       |
| actionid    | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   | MUL | 0       |       |
| eventid     | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   | MUL | 0       |       |
| userid      | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   | MUL | 0       |       |
| clock       | int(11)             | NO   | PRI | 0       |       |
| mediatypeid | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   | MUL | 0       |       |
| sendto      | varchar(100)        | NO   |     |         |       |
| subject     | varchar(255)        | NO   |     |         |       |
| message     | blob                | NO   |     | NULL    |       |
| status      | int(11)             | NO   | MUL | 0       |       |
| retries     | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| error       | varchar(128)        | NO   |     |         |       |
| nextcheck   | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| esc_step    | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| alerttype   | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
+-------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+


有兴趣的可以这个链接,zabbix告警邮件、短信发送错误快速排查方法

config

config表保存了全局的参数,前端包括后端也是,很多情况下会查询改表的参数的,例如用户的自定义主题、 登陆认证类型等,非常重要,

不过对我们做数据分析意义不大。

mysql> desc config;
+-------------------------+---------------------+------+-----+-----------------+-------+
| Field                   | Type                | Null | Key | Default         | Extra |
+-------------------------+---------------------+------+-----+-----------------+-------+
| configid                | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   | PRI | 0               |       |
| alert_history           | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0               |       |
| event_history           | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0               |       |
| refresh_unsupported     | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0               |       |
| work_period             | varchar(100)        | NO   |     | 1-5,00:00-24:00 |       |
| alert_usrgrpid          | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   |     | 0               |       |
| event_ack_enable        | int(11)             | NO   |     | 1               |       |
| event_expire            | int(11)             | NO   |     | 7               |       |
| event_show_max          | int(11)             | NO   |     | 100             |       |
| default_theme           | varchar(128)        | NO   |     | default.css     |       |
| authentication_type     | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0               |       |
| ldap_host               | varchar(255)        | NO   |     |                 |       |
| ldap_port               | int(11)             | NO   |     | 389             |       |
| ldap_base_dn            | varchar(255)        | NO   |     |                 |       |
| ldap_bind_dn            | varchar(255)        | NO   |     |                 |       |
| ldap_bind_password      | varchar(128)        | NO   |     |                 |       |
| ldap_search_attribute   | varchar(128)        | NO   |     |                 |       |
| dropdown_first_entry    | int(11)             | NO   |     | 1               |       |
| dropdown_first_remember | int(11)             | NO   |     | 1               |       |
| discovery_groupid       | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   |     | 0               |       |
| max_in_table            | int(11)             | NO   |     | 50              |       |
| search_limit            | int(11)             | NO   |     | 1000            |       |
+-------------------------+---------------------+------+-----+-----------------+-------+

functions

function 表时非常重要的一个表了,记录了trigger中使用的表达式,例如max、last、nodata等函数。

但其实这个表说他重要时因为同时记录了trigger、itemid,那就可以做一些API的开发了,例如根据 IP 茶香改IP的所有trigger,我记得1.8的版本的API是无法实现我说的这个功能的,那只能利用 function表去自己查询了。

mysql> desc functions ;
+------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| Field      | Type                | Null | Key | Default | Extra |
+------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| functionid | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   | PRI | 0       |       |
| itemid     | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   | MUL | 0       |       |
| triggerid  | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   | MUL | 0       |       |
| lastvalue  | varchar(255)        | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| function   | varchar(12)         | NO   |     |         |       |
| parameter  | varchar(255)        | NO   |     | 0       |       |
+------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+

graphs

graphs 表包含了用户定义的图表信息,同样的玩法可以是根据IP去查询改IP下的所有图表, 不过似乎是有API的,我只是举例而已。

mysql> desc graphs;
+------------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| Field            | Type                | Null | Key | Default | Extra |
+------------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| graphid          | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   | PRI | 0       |       |
| name             | varchar(128)        | NO   | MUL |         |       |
| width            | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| height           | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| yaxismin         | double(16,4)        | NO   |     | 0.0000  |       |
| yaxismax         | double(16,4)        | NO   |     | 0.0000  |       |
| templateid       | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| show_work_period | int(11)             | NO   |     | 1       |       |
| show_triggers    | int(11)             | NO   |     | 1       |       |
| graphtype        | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| show_legend      | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| show_3d          | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| percent_left     | double(16,4)        | NO   |     | 0.0000  |       |
| percent_right    | double(16,4)        | NO   |     | 0.0000  |       |
| ymin_type        | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| ymax_type        | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| ymin_itemid      | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| ymax_itemid      | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   |     | 0       |       |
+------------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+

graphs_items

graphs_items 保存了属于某个图表的所有的监控项信息。

mysql> desc graphs_items;
+-------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| Field       | Type                | Null | Key | Default | Extra |
+-------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| gitemid     | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   | PRI | 0       |       |
| graphid     | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   | MUL | 0       |       |
| itemid      | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   | MUL | 0       |       |
| drawtype    | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| sortorder   | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| color       | varchar(6)          | NO   |     | 009600  |       |
| yaxisside   | int(11)             | NO   |     | 1       |       |
| calc_fnc    | int(11)             | NO   |     | 2       |       |
| type        | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| periods_cnt | int(11)             | NO   |     | 5       |       |
+-------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+

graphs与graphs_items的具体实践可以参考:

zabbix如何批量更新错误图表

groups

groups 没啥说的,都懂,就是保存了组名和组的ID 。

mysql> desc groups ;
+----------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| Field    | Type                | Null | Key | Default | Extra |
+----------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| groupid  | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   | PRI | 0       |       |
| name     | varchar(64)         | NO   | MUL |         |       |
| internal | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
+----------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+

history 、history_str、history_log 、history_uint_sync等

这部分表都差不多,唯一不同的是保存的数据类型,history_str保存的数据 类型就算str即字符类型的。这个是和采集时设置的数据类型一致的。

需要注意的时,因为history表有这么多的类型,那自己写报表系统等去查询 数据时,就需要判断下数据的采集类型,如果查错了表,那肯定时没有数据的。

mysql> desc history;
+--------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| Field  | Type                | Null | Key | Default | Extra |
+--------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| itemid | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   | PRI | 0       |       |
| clock  | int(11)             | NO   | PRI | 0       |       |
| value  | double(16,4)        | NO   |     | 0.0000  |       |
+--------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+

mysql> desc history_str;
+--------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| Field  | Type                | Null | Key | Default | Extra |
+--------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| itemid | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   | MUL | 0       |       |
| clock  | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| value  | varchar(255)        | NO   |     |         |       |
+--------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+


其他的类似,不贴了。

trends、trends_uint

trends 也是保存了历史数据用的,和history不同的时,trends表仅仅保存了 小时平均的值,即你可以理解为是history表的数据压缩。所以trends表也有 很多的类型,对应history。

值的注意的trends和history表这两类表数据量都非常大,我们一天大概就要有 40G 的数据。

所以注意定是去做压缩、删除。

mysql> desc trends;
+-----------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| Field     | Type                | Null | Key | Default | Extra |
+-----------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| itemid    | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   | PRI | 0       |       |
| clock     | int(11)             | NO   | PRI | 0       |       |
| num       | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| value_min | double(16,4)        | NO   |     | 0.0000  |       |
| value_avg | double(16,4)        | NO   |     | 0.0000  |       |
| value_max | double(16,4)        | NO   |     | 0.0000  |       |
+-----------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+

mysql> desc trends_uint;
+-----------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| Field     | Type                | Null | Key | Default | Extra |
+-----------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| itemid    | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   | PRI | 0       |       |
| clock     | int(11)             | NO   | PRI | 0       |       |
| num       | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| value_min | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| value_avg | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| value_max | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   |     | 0       |       |
+-----------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+

hosts

hosts 非常重要,保存了每个agent、proxy等的IP 、hostid、状态、IPMI等信息, 几乎是记录了一台设备的所有的信息。

当然hostid是当中非常非常重要的信息,其他的表一般都时关联hostid的。

mysql> desc hosts;
+--------------------+---------------------+------+-----+-----------+-------+
| Field              | Type                | Null | Key | Default   | Extra |
+--------------------+---------------------+------+-----+-----------+-------+
| hostid             | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   | PRI | 0         |       |
| proxy_hostid       | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   | MUL | 0         |       |
| host               | varchar(64)         | NO   | MUL |           |       |
| dns                | varchar(64)         | NO   |     |           |       |
| useip              | int(11)             | NO   |     | 1         |       |
| ip                 | varchar(39)         | NO   |     | 127.0.0.1 |       |
| port               | int(11)             | NO   |     | 10050     |       |
| status             | int(11)             | NO   | MUL | 0         |       |
| disable_until      | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0         |       |
| error              | varchar(128)        | NO   |     |           |       |
| available          | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0         |       |
| errors_from        | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0         |       |
| lastaccess         | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0         |       |
| inbytes            | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   |     | 0         |       |
| outbytes           | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   |     | 0         |       |
| useipmi            | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0         |       |
| ipmi_port          | int(11)             | NO   |     | 623       |       |
| ipmi_authtype      | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0         |       |
| ipmi_privilege     | int(11)             | NO   |     | 2         |       |
| ipmi_username      | varchar(16)         | NO   |     |           |       |
| ipmi_password      | varchar(20)         | NO   |     |           |       |
| ipmi_disable_until | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0         |       |
| ipmi_available     | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0         |       |
| snmp_disable_until | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0         |       |
| snmp_available     | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0         |       |
| maintenanceid      | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   |     | 0         |       |
| maintenance_status | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0         |       |
| maintenance_type   | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0         |       |
| maintenance_from   | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0         |       |
| ipmi_ip            | varchar(64)         | NO   |     | 127.0.0.1 |       |
| ipmi_errors_from   | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0         |       |
| snmp_errors_from   | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0         |       |
| ipmi_error         | varchar(128)        | NO   |     |           |       |
| snmp_error         | varchar(128)        | NO   |     |           |       |
+--------------------+---------------------+------+-----+-----------+-------+

其实1.0的版本中,是没有这么多的字段的,好像只有hostid、host、status、disable_until 等几个字段,但1.8已经如此丰富了。

hosts_groups

hosts_groups 保存了host(主机)与host groups(主机组)的关联关系。

这部分信息可以在我们自己做一些批量查询,例如查询关联到某个主机组的所有 设备的IP 、存活状态等,进一步去查询该批量设备的load、IO、mem等统计信息。

我之前做的一个简单的报表就是例如了这部分的信息去查询某个业务线下所有设备 的一周统计信息,当然了是在同一个主机组或者模版组才可以的。

mysql> desc hosts_groups ;
+-------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| Field       | Type                | Null | Key | Default | Extra |
+-------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| hostgroupid | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   | PRI | 0       |       |
| hostid      | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   | MUL | 0       |       |
| groupid     | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   | MUL | 0       |       |
+-------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+

items

items 表保存了采集项的信息。

mysql> desc items ;
+-----------------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| Field                 | Type                | Null | Key | Default | Extra |
+-----------------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| itemid                | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   | PRI | 0       |       |
| type                  | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| snmp_community        | varchar(64)         | NO   |     |         |       |
| snmp_oid              | varchar(255)        | NO   |     |         |       |
| snmp_port             | int(11)             | NO   |     | 161     |       |
| hostid                | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   | MUL | 0       |       |
| description           | varchar(255)        | NO   |     |         |       |
| key_                  | varchar(255)        | NO   |     |         |       |
| delay                 | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| history               | int(11)             | NO   |     | 90      |       |
| trends                | int(11)             | NO   |     | 365     |       |
| lastvalue             | varchar(255)        | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| lastclock             | int(11)             | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| prevvalue             | varchar(255)        | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| status                | int(11)             | NO   | MUL | 0       |       |
| value_type            | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| trapper_hosts         | varchar(255)        | NO   |     |         |       |
| units                 | varchar(10)         | NO   |     |         |       |
| multiplier            | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| delta                 | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| prevorgvalue          | varchar(255)        | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| snmpv3_securityname   | varchar(64)         | NO   |     |         |       |
| snmpv3_securitylevel  | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| snmpv3_authpassphrase | varchar(64)         | NO   |     |         |       |
| snmpv3_privpassphrase | varchar(64)         | NO   |     |         |       |
| formula               | varchar(255)        | NO   |     | 1       |       |
| error                 | varchar(128)        | NO   |     |         |       |
| lastlogsize           | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| logtimefmt            | varchar(64)         | NO   |     |         |       |
| templateid            | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   | MUL | 0       |       |
| valuemapid            | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| delay_flex            | varchar(255)        | NO   |     |         |       |
| params                | text                | NO   |     | NULL    |       |
| ipmi_sensor           | varchar(128)        | NO   |     |         |       |
| data_type             | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| authtype              | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| username              | varchar(64)         | NO   |     |         |       |
| password              | varchar(64)         | NO   |     |         |       |
| publickey             | varchar(64)         | NO   |     |         |       |
| privatekey            | varchar(64)         | NO   |     |         |       |
| mtime                 | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
+-----------------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+

media

media 保存了某个用户的media配置项,即对应的告警方式。

mysql> desc media;
+-------------+---------------------+------+-----+-----------------+-------+
| Field       | Type                | Null | Key | Default         | Extra |
+-------------+---------------------+------+-----+-----------------+-------+
| mediaid     | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   | PRI | 0               |       |
| userid      | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   | MUL | 0               |       |
| mediatypeid | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   | MUL | 0               |       |
| sendto      | varchar(100)        | NO   |     |                 |       |
| active      | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0               |       |
| severity    | int(11)             | NO   |     | 63              |       |
| period      | varchar(100)        | NO   |     | 1-7,00:00-23:59 |       |
+-------------+---------------------+------+-----+-----------------+-------+

media_type

media_type 表与media 表不同的是media_type 记录了某个告警方式对应的执行脚本,注意路径

只是相对路径。

mysql> desc media_type;
+-------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| Field       | Type                | Null | Key | Default | Extra |
+-------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| mediatypeid | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   | PRI | 0       |       |
| type        | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| description | varchar(100)        | NO   |     |         |       |
| smtp_server | varchar(255)        | NO   |     |         |       |
| smtp_helo   | varchar(255)        | NO   |     |         |       |
| smtp_email  | varchar(255)        | NO   |     |         |       |
| exec_path   | varchar(255)        | NO   |     |         |       |
| gsm_modem   | varchar(255)        | NO   |     |         |       |
| username    | varchar(255)        | NO   |     |         |       |
| passwd      | varchar(255)        | NO   |     |         |       |
+-------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+


mysql> select mediatypeid,type,description,exec_path from media_type;
+-------------+------+--------------+--------------------------+
| mediatypeid | type | description  | exec_path                |
+-------------+------+--------------+--------------------------+
|           4 |    1 | Email        | ZabbixSendMail.sh        |
|           5 |    1 | sms          | ZabbixSend_sms.sh        |
|           6 |    1 | syslog_email | ZabbixSendMail_Syslog.sh |
|           8 |    1 | sms_test     | ZabbixSend_sms_test.sh   |
+-------------+------+--------------+--------------------------+
4 rows in set (0.00 sec)

media 与media_type 通过mediatypeid 键关联。

profiles

profiles 表保存了用户的一些配置项。

mysql> desc profiles ;
+-----------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| Field     | Type                | Null | Key | Default | Extra |
+-----------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| profileid | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   | PRI | 0       |       |
| userid    | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   | MUL | 0       |       |
| idx       | varchar(96)         | NO   |     |         |       |
| idx2      | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| value_id  | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| value_int | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| value_str | varchar(255)        | NO   |     |         |       |
| source    | varchar(96)         | NO   |     |         |       |
| type      | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
+-----------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+

rights

rights 表保存了用户组的权限信息,zabbix的权限一直也是我理不太清的地方, 其实这个表里面有详细的记录。

mysql> desc rights;
+------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| Field      | Type                | Null | Key | Default | Extra |
+------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| rightid    | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   | PRI | 0       |       |
| groupid    | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   | MUL | 0       |       |
| permission | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| id         | bigint(20) unsigned | YES  | MUL | NULL    |       |
+------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+

screeens

screeens 表保存了用户定义的图片。

mysql> desc graphs;
+------------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| Field            | Type                | Null | Key | Default | Extra |
+------------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| graphid          | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   | PRI | 0       |       |
| name             | varchar(128)        | NO   | MUL |         |       |
| width            | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| height           | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| yaxismin         | double(16,4)        | NO   |     | 0.0000  |       |
| yaxismax         | double(16,4)        | NO   |     | 0.0000  |       |
| templateid       | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| show_work_period | int(11)             | NO   |     | 1       |       |
| show_triggers    | int(11)             | NO   |     | 1       |       |
| graphtype        | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| show_legend      | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| show_3d          | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| percent_left     | double(16,4)        | NO   |     | 0.0000  |       |
| percent_right    | double(16,4)        | NO   |     | 0.0000  |       |
| ymin_type        | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| ymax_type        | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| ymin_itemid      | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| ymax_itemid      | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   |     | 0       |       |
+------------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+

screeens_items

同graphs_items。

mysql> desc screens_items;
+--------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| Field        | Type                | Null | Key | Default | Extra |
+--------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| screenitemid | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   | PRI | 0       |       |
| screenid     | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| resourcetype | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| resourceid   | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| width        | int(11)             | NO   |     | 320     |       |
| height       | int(11)             | NO   |     | 200     |       |
| x            | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| y            | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| colspan      | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| rowspan      | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| elements     | int(11)             | NO   |     | 25      |       |
| valign       | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| halign       | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| style        | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| url          | varchar(255)        | NO   |     |         |       |
| dynamic      | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
+--------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+

sessions

sessions 表很重要,保存了每个用户的sessions,在登陆、注销的时候均会操作 该张表的。

做cas等统一认证时,需要了解下该表和相关的登陆、验证流程。有兴趣的看我 前面的文章吧。

mysql> desc sessions;
+------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| Field      | Type                | Null | Key | Default | Extra |
+------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| sessionid  | varchar(32)         | NO   | PRI |         |       |
| userid     | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   | MUL | 0       |       |
| lastaccess | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| status     | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
+------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+

triggers

triggers 顾名思义保存了trigger的所有信息。

mysql> desc triggers;
+-------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| Field       | Type                | Null | Key | Default | Extra |
+-------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| triggerid   | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   | PRI | 0       |       |
| expression  | varchar(255)        | NO   |     |         |       |
| description | varchar(255)        | NO   |     |         |       |
| url         | varchar(255)        | NO   |     |         |       |
| status      | int(11)             | NO   | MUL | 0       |       |
| value       | int(11)             | NO   | MUL | 0       |       |
| priority    | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| lastchange  | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| dep_level   | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| comments    | blob                | NO   |     | NULL    |       |
| error       | varchar(128)        | NO   |     |         |       |
| templateid  | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   |     | 0       |       |
| type        | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0       |       |
+-------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+

trigger_depends

trigger_depends 保存了trigger的依赖关系。

mysql> desc trigger_depends;
+----------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| Field          | Type                | Null | Key | Default | Extra |
+----------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| triggerdepid   | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   | PRI | 0       |       |
| triggerid_down | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   | MUL | 0       |       |
| triggerid_up   | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   | MUL | 0       |       |
+----------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+

users

不需要解释了,值的一提的部分用户配置会在该表中,例如auotlogin、autologout、 url、theme等信息。

mysql> desc users;
+----------------+---------------------+------+-----+-------------+-------+
| Field          | Type                | Null | Key | Default     | Extra |
+----------------+---------------------+------+-----+-------------+-------+
| userid         | bigint(20) unsigned | NO   | PRI | 0           |       |
| alias          | varchar(100)        | NO   | MUL |             |       |
| name           | varchar(100)        | NO   |     |             |       |
| surname        | varchar(100)        | NO   |     |             |       |
| passwd         | char(32)            | NO   |     |             |       |
| url            | varchar(255)        | NO   |     |             |       |
| autologin      | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0           |       |
| autologout     | int(11)             | NO   |     | 900         |       |
| lang           | varchar(5)          | NO   |     | en_gb       |       |
| refresh        | int(11)             | NO   |     | 30          |       |
| type           | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0           |       |
| theme          | varchar(128)        | NO   |     | default.css |       |
| attempt_failed | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0           |       |
| attempt_ip     | varchar(39)         | NO   |     |             |       |
| attempt_clock  | int(11)             | NO   |     | 0           |       |
| rows_per_page  | int(11)             | NO   |     | 50          |       |
+----------------+---------------------+------+-----+-------------+-------+

实例

其他

未完待续。。。后续会持续更新的。

5 Responses to “zabbix数据库表结构-持续更新”

  1. guo says:

    问一下所有的template的各项参数是存在表里还是存在配置文件里,哪里可以看到?

    • furion says:

      你说的是模板吗?模板都是存放在数据库中的。

      • guo says:

        存在哪张表里?怎么没找到与template相关的表

        • furion says:

          模版其实就是主机,你去host表里面去查询就可以查到了,在zabbix前台点击一个模块,可以看到templateid,select * from hosts where hostid=templateid就可以看到模版了。

          • liwentong says:

            在前端configure-template中可以查看到template name 这个属性,那是存放在配置文件中吗?

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